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Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size Using Semiautomatic and Automatic Image AnalysisPřeložit název
NORMA vydána dne 1.4.2023
Označení normy: ASTM E1382-97(2023)
Datum vydání normy: 1.4.2023
Kód zboží: NS-1142683
Počet stran: 24
Přibližná hmotnost: 72 g (0.16 liber)
Země: Americká technická norma
Kategorie: Technické normy ASTM
ALA grain size, anisotropy index, area fraction, ASTM grain size number, austenite grains, automatic image analysis, calibration, chord length, confidence level, digitizing tablet, duplex grain structures, equiaxed grains, etchant, ferrite grains, grain boundary, grains, grain size, intercept length, intersection count, magnification, non-equiaxed grains, polycrystalline, prior-austenite grain boundaries, relative accuracy, semiautomatic image analysis, skeletonization, standard deviation
|Significance and Use|
5.1?These test methods cover procedures for determining the mean grain size, and the distribution of grain intercept lengths or grain areas, for polycrystalline metals and nonmetallic materials with equiaxed or deformed grain shapes, with uniform or duplex grain size distributions, and for single phase or multiphase grain structures.
5.2?The measurements are performed using semiautomatic digitizing tablet image analyzers or automatic image analyzers. These devices relieve much of the tedium associated with manual measurements, thus permitting collection of a larger amount of data and more extensive sampling which will produce better statistical definition of the grain size than by manual methods.
5.3?The precision and relative accuracy of the test results depend on the representativeness of the specimen or specimens, quality of specimen preparation, clarity of the grain boundaries (etch technique and etchant used), the number of grains measured or the measurement area, errors in detecting grain boundaries or grain interiors, errors due to detecting other features (carbides, inclusions, twin boundaries, and so forth), the representativeness of the fields measured, and programming errors.
5.4?Results from these test methods may be used to qualify material for shipment in accordance with guidelines agreed upon between purchaser and manufacturer, to compare different manufacturing processes or process variations, or to provide data for structure-property-behavior studies.
1.1?These test methods are used to determine grain size from measurements of grain intercept lengths, intercept counts, intersection counts, grain boundary length, and grain areas.
1.2?These measurements are made with a semiautomatic digitizing tablet or by automatic image analysis using an image of the grain structure produced by a microscope.
1.3?These test methods are applicable to any type of grain structure or grain size distribution as long as the grain boundaries can be clearly delineated by etching and subsequent image processing, if necessary.
1.4?These test methods are applicable to measurement of other grain-like microstructures, such as cell structures.
1.5?This standard deals only with the recommended test methods and nothing in it should be construed as defining or establishing limits of acceptability or fitness for purpose of the materials tested.
1.6?The sections appear in the following order:
1.7?This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8?This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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