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Standard Practice for Using Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient to Estimate Median Lethal Concentrations for Fish Due to NarcosisPřeložit název
NORMA vydána dne 1.1.2023
Označení normy: ASTM E1242-23
Datum vydání normy: 1.1.2023
Kód zboží: NS-1102513
Počet stran: 2
Přibližná hmotnost: 6 g (0.01 liber)
Země: Americká technická norma
Kategorie: Technické normy ASTM
ICS Number Code 07.080 (Biology. Botany. Zoology)
|Significance and Use|
5.1?This procedure can be used to limit the need for screening tests prior to performing a test for estimating the LC50 of a non-reactive and non-electrolytic chemical to the fathead minnow. By eliminating the screening test, fewer fish need be tested. The time used for preparing and performing the screening test can also be saved. The value obtained in this procedure can be used as the preliminary estimate of the LC50 in a full-scale test.
5.2?Estimates can be used to set testing priority of groups of non-reactive and non-electrolytic chemicals.
5.3?If the estimated value is more than 0.3 times the experimental value, the mechanism of action is probably narcosis. If less, the effect concentration is considered to reflect a different mechanism of action.
5.4?This practice estimates a maximum LC50, that is, non-reactive and non-electrolytic chemicals are at least as toxic as the practice predicts, but may have a lower LC50 if acting by a more specific mechanism. Data on a chemical indicating a lower toxicity than predicted should be considered suspect or an artifact because of limited solubility of the test material.
1.1?This practice covers a procedure for estimating the fathead minnow (1.2?This procedure is accurate for organic chemicals that are toxic due to narcosis and are non-reactive and non-electrolytic. Examples of appropriate chemicals are: alcohols, ketones, ethers, simple halogenated aliphatics, aromatics, and aliphatic substituted aromatics. It is not appropriate for chemicals whose structures include a potential toxiphore (that structural component of a chemical molecule that has been identified to show mammalian toxicity, for example CN is known to be reponsible for inactivation of enzymes, NO1.3?This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
Poslední aktualizace: 08.12.2023 (Počet položek: 2 860 270)
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