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Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry (Includes all amendments and changes 10/26/2021).Přeložit název
NORMA vydána dne 1.10.2021
Označení normy: ASTM D7309-21b
Datum vydání normy: 1.10.2021
Kód zboží: NS-1040609
Počet stran: 16
Přibližná hmotnost: 48 g (0.11 liber)
Země: Americká technická norma
Kategorie: Technické normy ASTM
Ohnivzdornost stavebních materiálů a prvků
Plastické hmoty obecně
calorimetry, carbon dioxide, combustion, controlled heating, heat release, heat release rate, heat release capacity, oxidative thermal decomposition, oxygen consumption calorimetry, pyrolysis, thermal analysis, thermal decomposition,, ICS Number Code 13.220.50 (Fire-resistance of building materials and elements),83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
|Significance and Use|
5.1This laboratory test method measures thermal combustion properties of materials (5.2The test uses controlled thermal and thermal-oxidative decomposition of specimens and thermal oxidation of the specimen gases as they are released from the specimen to simulate the condensed and gas phase processes of flaming combustion, respectively, in a small-scale laboratory test (5.3The thermal combustion properties measured in the test are related to flammability characteristics of the material (4-9).
5.4The amount of heat released in flaming combustion per unit mass of material is the fire load and the potential fire load (complete combustion) is estimated in Method A as hc.
5.5The net calorific value of the material (see Test Method D5865) is determined directly using Method B as 5.6The temperature 5.7The heat release capacity ?c (J/g-K) is a flammability parameter measured in Method A that is unique to this test method.
5.8The fire growth capacity FGC (J/g-K) is a flammability parameter measured in Method A at heating rate ? = 1K/s that is unique to this test method.
1.1This test method, which is similar to thermal analysis techniques, establishes a procedure for determining flammability characteristics of combustible materials such as plastics.
1.2The test is conducted in a laboratory environment using controlled heating of milligram specimens and complete thermal oxidation of the specimen gases.
1.3Specimens of known mass are thermally decomposed in an oxygen-free (anaerobic) or oxidizing (aerobic) environment at a constant heating rate between 0.2 and 2 K/s.
1.4The heat released by the specimen is determined from the mass of oxygen consumed to completely oxidize (combust) the specimen gases.
1.5The rate of heat released by combustion of the specimen gases produced during controlled thermal or thermoxidative decomposition of the specimen is computed from the rate of oxygen consumption.
1.6The specimen temperatures over which combustion heat is released are measured.
1.7The mass of specimen remaining after the test is measured and used to compute the residual mass fraction.
1.8The specimen shall be a material or composite material in any form (fiber, film, powder, pellet, droplet). This test method has been developed to facilitate material development and research.
1.9This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
1.10This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1:There is no known ISO equivalent to this test method.
1.11This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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