ASTM A668/A668M-22 - 15.5.2022
 
1. Scope

1.1This specification covers untreated and heat-treated carbon and alloy steel forgings for general industrial use. Other ASTM specifications for forgings are available for specific applications such as pressure vessels, railroad use, turbine generators, gearing, and others involving special temperature requirements.

1.2Hot-rolled or cold finished bars are not within the scope of this specification.

1.3Six classes of carbon steel and seven classes of alloy steel forgings are listed (see Section 7), which indicates their required heat treatments, as well as mechanical properties.

1.4Provision, with the suffix H for certification and marking, for the supply of forgings after hardness testing only.

1.5Supplementary requirements, including those in Specification A788/A788M, of an optional nature are provided. These shall apply only when specified by the purchaser.

1.6Appendix X1 lists the current classes corresponding to the various classes of Specifications A235, A237, and A243, which have been superseded by this specification.

1.7The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard; within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

1.8Unless the order specifies the applicable M specification, the forgings shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.

1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

 
2. Referenced Documents

A370

Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

E340

Practice for Macroetching Metals and Alloys

A788/A788M

Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

A275/A275M

Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings

A388/A388M

Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings

E290

Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility